MIT Department: Architecture
Undergraduate Institution: Tuskegee University
Faculty Mentor: Skylar Tibbits
Research Supervisor: Schendy Kernizan
Hi, my name is Myles Sampson, and I am from Pensacola, Florida. I study Architecture at the Robert R. Taylor School of Architecture and Construction Science (TSACS) at Tuskegee University. My research interests consists of how architecture affects and can improve the built environment, and how architecture design can improve the quality of life still remaining affordable. My hobbies include drawing, participating in the Tuskegee University Marching Band, reading, and playing basketball. My goal is to become a licensed architect, after obtaining a specialized graduate degree, and later own my own architecture firm.
2017 Research Abstract
Granular Matter Jamming as a Transformative New Construction Technique
Myles Sampson, Robert R. Taylor School of Architecture and Construction Science
Skylar Tibbits, MIT School of Architecture and Planning
Schendy Kernizan, MIT School of Architecture and Planning
Innovation in construction is needed due to the excessive labor, time, and financial constraints of today’s construction processes. Recently, the principle of granular jamming can be applied to architectural construction to create a fast and reversible
structures through research at Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zürich, and the Self-Assembly Lab at MIT. Granular jammable matter is the manipulation of aggregate materials that result in a transformed structure with uniform characteristics. Because of its availability and size, sand is an excellent granular material for scalable reversible structures. Sand forms to a mold when wet, but cannot hold its form or support a load without a mold. By incorporating the concept of mechanically stabilized earth, where fibrous reinforcement is placed in horizontal layers to strengthen soil during construction, we can strengthen sand structures by using sand as the compressive granular material, and natural fibers as the tensile reinforcement. Small scale systematic testing allowed us to understand different ratios of sand, water fibers, and layer height for a structurally stable sand structure with the ability to support load.
The concept of fabricating scalable jammable granular sand structures is called sand printing. With further testing using pneumatic devices, to spray layers of sand and fibers, and our slip-casting mold technique, where we fill and slide a mold along a path to create large structures, scaling sand printed structures are right around the corner.
Through Sand Printing we can produce a quick, reversible, cheap, and environmentally friendly process of construction that is widely accessible.